Research Labor Market
The term 'field of research' actually covers a wide range of fields. In general, basic research is seen as the responsibility of universities and similar institutions, while applied research is considered the domain of companies, although applied research also plays a significant role in higher education. There is considerable variation by sector; for example, in the field of chemistry (including pharmaceuticals), 37 percent of total R&D expenditure was allocated to applied research in 2017. In the electronics and electrical engineering industry, on the other hand, around ten percent was spent on research and 90 percent on development.
Traditionally, the government has played a significant role in research and development activities. For example, in 2019, expenditures in this field amounted to €6.6 billion, with the government's share being just under one-third. Although in recent years, there has been a decline in funding and the number of experts in research, it cannot be seen as a sunset industry. The supply of labor can be considered high, depending largely on the required skill level and role.